The Exxon Valdez lies atop a reef after spilling oil into the Sound.
Prince William Sound, Alaska.
NATALIE B. FOBES/National Geographic Creative
A factory trawler crashes through high waves of the Bering Sea.
Bering Sea, Pacific Ocean.
An oil covered harbor seal nuzzles her pup after an oil spill.
Herring Bay, Knight Island, Alaska.
A figure braves an 80-mile-an-hour wind through which sunset filters.
Lorino, Chukchi Peninsula, Siberia, Russia.
Weeks after an oil spill, rising tide lifts oil from an island.
Workers attack oil after the Exxon spill.
Green Island, Alaska.
A sockeye salmon is ready to spawn after returning to its birthplace.
Weaver Creek, British Columbia, Canada.
Wind spreads an oil spill overwhelming sealife including this seabird.
The tanker Exxon Valdez spills tons of oil into the sound.
In 1986, salmon inexplicably leapt from the water and died.
Duwamish River, Seattle, Washington.
A local woman helps clean a beach after the Exxon Valdez oil spill.
Kodiak Island, Alaska.
A pigeon guillemont sits covered with oil from an offshore spill.
On the shore of Prince William Sound, Alaska.
Hatchlings of Pacific salmon consume their yolk sacs in their nest.
Women take a break from their work at a salmon-canning factory.
Poronaysk, Sakhalin Island, Russia.
With a deft swing a fisherman pitches a salmon from boat to truck.
Columbia River, Washington.
A fisherman kisses the season's first salmon for luck.
Bristol Bay, Alaska.
A fisherman nets chinook bound for the processing plant.
British Columbia, Canada.
A man carries a hose used in the cleaning of an oil spill.
A worker sorts salmon roe at a fisheries cooperative.
Miyako, Honshu Island, Japan.
Oil-covered animals are dead after the Exxon Valdez oil spill.
Workers at a processing plant gut freshly caught salmon.
Highly-prized roe accompanies salmon sushi.
A brown bear walks across an oil covered beach after a spill.
Katmai National Park And Preserve, Alaska.
Days after a spill, fishermen confront thick oil in a bay.
Elenor Sound, Alaska.
A cleaned sea otter rests after being rescued from an oil spill.
A traditionally dressed Ainu woman takes part in a salmon ceremony.
Sapporo, Hokkaido Island, Japan.
Crewmen load a Japanese freighter with freshly frozen salmon.
Scientists examine a gray whale that washed ashore after an oil spill.
A Tulalip Indian plays his drum before a ceremony celebrating salmon.
Salmon swarm about a diver inspecting a pen on a fish farm.
Near Sechelt, British Columbia, Canada.
Young salmon are helicoptered from a hatchery to an fish farm.
An oceanographer eats salmon cheeks at an Orochi family's home.
A salmon dies after spawning, its body returns nutrients to the water.
Fishermen tow a boom to skim spilled oil from the water.
Bags of cleanup debris covers Valdez after an oil spill.
A pigeon is one of thousands of seabirds killed by an oil spill.
A dead sea otter floats at the surface after an oil spill.
A local weeps over the loss of wildlife caused by an oil spill.
A bald eagle dines on a salmon in a tree.
A rescue worker tries to clean thick spilled oil from a beach.
Modern Tulalip Indians perform their traditional salmon ceremony.
A young salmon is weighed before a tracking chip is inserted.
A nearly-dead sea otter is examined after the Exxon Valdez oil spill.
Workers wipe oil off of boulders from a tanker spill.
Naked Island, Alaska.
A biologist rescues a salmon from an irrigation system.
Off San Joaquin River, California.
A salmon fisherman fan's his boat's income after nine days.
A local collects birds that perished in the Exxon Valdez oil spill.
Channel Island, Alaska.
A cleaning crew rests after a day of battling an oil spill.
Oily water surfaces from sediment after the Exxon Valdez oil spill.
Block Island, Alaska.
Thick oil from a spill settles to the ocean floor.
Pacific Ocean, Off of Katmai National Park And Preserve, Alaska.
Fishermen maneuver their boat beside a set salmon net.
Sea Of Okhotsk, Off Sakhalin Island, Russia.
A sea otter is treated after being covered in oil from a spill.
A biologist examines salmon that has been exposed to an oil spill.
Salmon fins surround a swimmer at the mouth of the Ochepukha River.
Sea Of Okhotsk, Off Of Sakhalin Island, Russia.
Rescuers cheer when an oil-covered otter shows signs of life.
An Ainu folklorist overlooks a dam that will fill his fields.
Saru River, Hokkaido Island, Japan.
Destruction of shade trees has made this stream too warm for salmon.
Dams have diminished the amount of salmon for fisherman in the river.
Columbia River, Yakima, Washington.
A young salmon is tagged to track its way through new dams on a river.
This computer chip will be inserted into a young salmon for tracking.
A salmon exposed to an oil spill has its fin removed for tracking.
An oil-stained bald eagle is taken to a rehabilitation center.
Near Prince William Sound, Alaska.
Tired volunteers rest after cleaning up after an oil spill.
Sawmill Bay, Evans Island, Alaska.
A scientist counts young salmon to study habitat improvement.
Author Maria Pascua also weaves traditional Makah baskets.
Neah Bay, Washington.
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